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Based on data from 5 participants, Anxiety is generally lowest after an average of 2.4 out of 5 of Acne Severity over the previous 7 days.
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People with higher Acne Severity usually have higher Anxiety
Each column represents the number of days this value occurred.
This chart shows the typical value recorded for Acne Severity on each day of the week.
This chart shows the typical value recorded for Acne Severity for each month of the year.
Each column represents the number of days this value occurred.
This chart shows the typical value recorded for Anxiety / Nervousness on each day of the week.
This chart shows the typical value recorded for Anxiety / Nervousness for each month of the year.

Abstract

Aggregated data from 5 study participants suggests with a medium degree of confidence (p=0.15077084877371, 95% CI -0.069 to 0.32) that Acne Severity has a weakly positive predictive relationship (R=0.13) with Anxiety. The highest quartile of Anxiety measurements were observed following an average 2.66 out of 5 Acne Severity. The lowest quartile of Anxiety measurements were observed following an average 2.4061107728351 /5 Acne Severity.

Objective

The objective of this study is to determine the nature of the relationship (if any) between Acne Severity and Anxiety. Additionally, we attempt to determine the Acne Severity values most likely to produce optimal Anxiety values.

Participant Instructions

Record your Acne Severity daily in the reminder inbox or using the interactive web or mobile notifications.
Record your Anxiety / Nervousness daily in the reminder inbox or using the interactive web or mobile notifications.

Design

This study is based on data donated by 5 participants. Thus, the study design is equivalent to the aggregation of 5 separate n=1 observational natural experiments.

Data Analysis

Acne Severity Pre-Processing
Acne Severity measurement values below 1 out of 5 were assumed erroneous and removed. Acne Severity measurement values above 5 out of 5 were assumed erroneous and removed. No missing data filling value was defined for Acne Severity so any gaps in data were just not analyzed instead of assuming zero values for those times.
Acne Severity Analysis Settings

Anxiety / Nervousness Pre-Processing
Anxiety / Nervousness measurement values below 1 out of 5 were assumed erroneous and removed. Anxiety / Nervousness measurement values above 5 out of 5 were assumed erroneous and removed. No missing data filling value was defined for Anxiety / Nervousness so any gaps in data were just not analyzed instead of assuming zero values for those times.
Anxiety / Nervousness Analysis Settings

Predictive Analytics
It was assumed that 0 hours would pass before a change in Acne Severity would produce an observable change in Anxiety. It was assumed that Acne Severity could produce an observable change in Anxiety for as much as 7 days after the stimulus event.
Predictive Analysis Settings

Data Sources

Acne Severity data was primarily collected using QuantiModo. QuantiModo allows you to easily track mood, symptoms, or any outcome you want to optimize in a fraction of a second. You can also import your data from over 30 other apps and devices. QuantiModo then analyzes your data to identify which hidden factors are most likely to be influencing your mood or symptoms.

Anxiety data was primarily collected using QuantiModo. QuantiModo allows you to easily track mood, symptoms, or any outcome you want to optimize in a fraction of a second. You can also import your data from over 30 other apps and devices. QuantiModo then analyzes your data to identify which hidden factors are most likely to be influencing your mood or symptoms.

Limitations

As with any human experiment, it was impossible to control for all potentially confounding variables. Correlation does not necessarily imply causation. We can never know for sure if one factor is definitely the cause of an outcome. However, lack of correlation definitely implies the lack of a causal relationship. Hence, we can with great confidence rule out non-existent relationships. For instance, if we discover no relationship between mood and an antidepressant this information is just as or even more valuable than the discovery that there is a relationship.
We can also take advantage of several characteristics of time series data from many subjects to infer the likelihood of a causal relationship if we do find a correlational relationship. The criteria for causation are a group of minimal conditions necessary to provide adequate evidence of a causal relationship between an incidence and a possible consequence.

The list of the criteria is as follows:
Strength (A.K.A. Effect Size)
A small association does not mean that there is not a causal effect, though the larger the association, the more likely that it is causal. There is a weakly positive relationship between Acne Severity and Anxiety

Consistency (A.K.A. Reproducibility)
Consistent findings observed by different persons in different places with different samples strengthens the likelihood of an effect. Furthermore, in accordance with the law of large numbers (LLN), the predictive power and accuracy of these results will continually grow over time. 215 paired data points were used in this analysis. Assuming that the relationship is merely coincidental, as the participant independently modifies their Acne Severity values, the observed strength of the relationship will decline until it is below the threshold of significance. To it another way, in the case that we do find a spurious correlation, suggesting that banana intake improves mood for instance, one will likely increase their banana intake. Due to the fact that this correlation is spurious, it is unlikely that you will see a continued and persistent corresponding increase in mood. So over time, the spurious correlation will naturally dissipate.

Specificity
Causation is likely if a very specific population at a specific site and disease with no other likely explanation. The more specific an association between a factor and an effect is, the bigger the probability of a causal relationship.

Temporality
The effect has to occur after the cause (and if there is an expected delay between the cause and expected effect, then the effect must occur after that delay). The confidence in a causal relationship is bolstered by the fact that time-precedence was taken into account in all calculations.

Biological Gradient
Greater exposure should generally lead to greater incidence of the effect. However, in some cases, the mere presence of the factor can trigger the effect. In other cases, an inverse proportion is observed: greater exposure leads to lower incidence.

Plausibility
A plausible bio-chemical mechanism between cause and effect is critical. This is where human brains excel. Based on our responses so far, 1 humans feel that there is a plausible mechanism of action and 0 feel that any relationship observed between Acne Severity and Anxiety is coincidental.

Coherence
Coherence between epidemiological and laboratory findings increases the likelihood of an effect. It will be very enlightening to aggregate this data with the data from other participants with similar genetic, diseasomic, environmentomic, and demographic profiles.

Experiment
All of human life can be considered a natural experiment. Occasionally, it is possible to appeal to experimental evidence.

Analogy
The effect of similar factors may be considered.

Relationship Statistics

Property Value
Cause Variable Name Acne Severity
Effect Variable Name Anxiety
Sinn Predictive Coefficient 0.030446127007026
Confidence Level medium
Confidence Interval 0.19475129610589
Forward Pearson Correlation Coefficient 0.1253
Critical T Value 1.6766
Average Acne Severity Over Previous 7 days Before ABOVE Average Anxiety 2.66 out of 5
Average Acne Severity Over Previous 7 days Before BELOW Average Anxiety 2.4061107728351 out of 5
Duration of Action 7 days
Effect Size weakly positive
Number of Paired Measurements 215
Optimal Pearson Product 0.070020521236389
P Value 0.15077084877371
Statistical Significance 0.62318000495434
Strength of Relationship 0.19475129610589
Study Type population
Analysis Performed At 2019-04-06
Number of Participants 5

Acne Severity Statistics

Property Value
Variable Name Acne Severity
Aggregation Method MEAN
Analysis Performed At 2019-04-05
Duration of Action 7 days
Kurtosis 3.434737992585
Maximum Allowed Value 5 out of 5
Mean 2.8506247524752 out of 5
Median 2.8127062706271 out of 5
Minimum Allowed Value 1 out of 5
Number of Correlations 414
Number of Measurements 2469
Onset Delay 0 seconds
Standard Deviation 0.18333906360135
Unit 1 to 5 Rating
UPC 837654497159
Variable ID 1251
Variance 0.15878828892066

Anxiety / Nervousness Statistics

Property Value
Variable Name Anxiety
Aggregation Method MEAN
Analysis Performed At 2019-04-05
Duration of Action 24 hours
Kurtosis 2.5979305051679
Maximum Allowed Value 5 out of 5
Mean 3.0040448405253 out of 5
Median 2.9996888237913 out of 5
Minimum Allowed Value 1 out of 5
Number of Correlations 709
Number of Measurements 13907
Onset Delay 0 seconds
Standard Deviation 0.30164966583122
Unit 1 to 5 Rating
Variable ID 5903391
Variance 0.31208736315826

Tracking Acne Severity

Record your Acne Severity daily in the reminder inbox or using the interactive web or mobile notifications.

Tracking Anxiety / Nervousness

Record your Anxiety / Nervousness daily in the reminder inbox or using the interactive web or mobile notifications.
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https://lh6.googleusercontent.com/-BHr4hyUWqZU/AAAAAAAAAAI/AAAAAAAIG28/2Lv0en738II/photo.jpg Principal Investigator - Mike Sinn