cause image
gauge image
effect image

This individual's Sleep Quality is generally highest after a daily total of 0 serving of Mcdonalds Coke, Large consumption over the previous 7 days.
Join This Study
Go To Interactive Study
Blue represents the sum of Mcdonalds Coke, Large consumption over the previous 7 days
An increase in 7 days cumulative Mcdonalds Coke, Large consumption is usually followed by an decrease in Sleep Quality. (R = -0.308)
Typical values for Sleep Quality following a given amount of Mcdonalds Coke, Large consumption over the previous 7 days.
Typical Mcdonalds Coke, Large consumption seen over the previous 7 days preceding the given Sleep Quality value.
This chart shows how your Mcdonalds Coke, Large changes over time.
Each column represents the number of days this value occurred.
This chart shows the typical value recorded for Mcdonalds Coke, Large on each day of the week.
This chart shows the typical value recorded for Mcdonalds Coke, Large for each month of the year.
This chart shows how your Sleep Quality changes over time.
Each column represents the number of days this value occurred.
This chart shows the typical value recorded for Sleep Quality on each day of the week.
This chart shows the typical value recorded for Sleep Quality for each month of the year.

Abstract

This individual's Sleep Quality is generally 5% higher than normal after a total of 0 serving Mcdonalds Coke, Large consumption over the previous 7 days. This individual's data suggests with a high degree of confidence (p=0.00063820920802668, 95% CI -0.542 to -0.074) that Mcdonalds Coke, Large has a moderately negative predictive relationship (R=-0.31) with Sleep Quality. The highest quartile of Sleep Quality measurements were observed following an average 0.77 serving Mcdonalds Coke, Large per day. The lowest quartile of Sleep Quality measurements were observed following an average 1.6190476190476 serving Mcdonalds Coke, Large per day.Sleep Quality is generally 7% lower than normal after a total of 1.6190476190476 serving of Mcdonalds Coke, Large consumption over the previous 7 days. Sleep Quality is generally 5% higher after a total of 0.77 serving of Mcdonalds Coke, Large consumption over the previous 7 days.

Objective

The objective of this study is to determine the nature of the relationship (if any) between Mcdonalds Coke, Large and Sleep Quality. Additionally, we attempt to determine the Mcdonalds Coke, Large values most likely to produce optimal Sleep Quality values.

Participant Instructions

Get MyFitnessPal here and use it to record your Mcdonalds Coke, Large. Once you have a MyFitnessPal account, you can import your data from the Import Data page. This individual's data will automatically be imported and analyzed.
Get Sleep as Android here and use it to record your Sleep Quality. Once you have a Sleep as Android account, you can import your data from the Import Data page. This individual's data will automatically be imported and analyzed.

Design

This study is based on data donated by one participant. Thus, the study design is consistent with an n=1 observational natural experiment.

Data Analysis

Mcdonalds Coke, Large Pre-Processing
Mcdonalds Coke, Large measurement values below 0 serving were assumed erroneous and removed. Mcdonalds Coke, Large measurement values above 30 serving were assumed erroneous and removed. It was assumed that any gaps in Mcdonalds Coke, Large data were unrecorded 0 serving measurement values.
Mcdonalds Coke, Large Analysis Settings

Sleep Quality Pre-Processing
Sleep Quality measurement values below 1 out of 5 were assumed erroneous and removed. Sleep Quality measurement values above 5 out of 5 were assumed erroneous and removed. No missing data filling value was defined for Sleep Quality so any gaps in data were just not analyzed instead of assuming zero values for those times.
Sleep Quality Analysis Settings

Predictive Analytics
It was assumed that 0.5 hours would pass before a change in Mcdonalds Coke, Large would produce an observable change in Sleep Quality. It was assumed that Mcdonalds Coke, Large could produce an observable change in Sleep Quality for as much as 7 days after the stimulus event.
Predictive Analysis Settings

Data Quantity
20 raw Mcdonalds Coke, Large measurements with 31 changes spanning 121 days from 2013-01-12 to 2013-05-13 were used in this analysis. 636 raw Sleep Quality measurements with 312 changes spanning 2521 days from 2012-05-06 to 2019-04-02 were used in this analysis.

Data Sources

Mcdonalds Coke, Large data was primarily collected using MyFitnessPal. Lose weight with MyFitnessPal, the fastest and easiest-to-use calorie counter for iPhone and iPad. With the largest food database of any iOS calorie counter (over 3,000,000 foods), and amazingly fast food and exercise entry.

Sleep Quality data was primarily collected using Sleep as Android. Smart alarm clock with sleep cycle tracking. Wakes you gently in optimal moment for pleasant mornings.

Limitations

As with any human experiment, it was impossible to control for all potentially confounding variables. Correlation does not necessarily imply causation. We can never know for sure if one factor is definitely the cause of an outcome. However, lack of correlation definitely implies the lack of a causal relationship. Hence, we can with great confidence rule out non-existent relationships. For instance, if we discover no relationship between mood and an antidepressant this information is just as or even more valuable than the discovery that there is a relationship.
We can also take advantage of several characteristics of time series data from many subjects to infer the likelihood of a causal relationship if we do find a correlational relationship. The criteria for causation are a group of minimal conditions necessary to provide adequate evidence of a causal relationship between an incidence and a possible consequence.

The list of the criteria is as follows:
Strength (A.K.A. Effect Size)
A small association does not mean that there is not a causal effect, though the larger the association, the more likely that it is causal. There is a moderately negative relationship between Mcdonalds Coke, Large consumption and Sleep Quality

Consistency (A.K.A. Reproducibility)
Consistent findings observed by different persons in different places with different samples strengthens the likelihood of an effect. Furthermore, in accordance with the law of large numbers (LLN), the predictive power and accuracy of these results will continually grow over time. 94 paired data points were used in this analysis. Assuming that the relationship is merely coincidental, as the participant independently modifies their Mcdonalds Coke, Large consumption values, the observed strength of the relationship will decline until it is below the threshold of significance. To it another way, in the case that we do find a spurious correlation, suggesting that banana intake improves mood for instance, one will likely increase their banana intake. Due to the fact that this correlation is spurious, it is unlikely that you will see a continued and persistent corresponding increase in mood. So over time, the spurious correlation will naturally dissipate.

Specificity
Causation is likely if a very specific population at a specific site and disease with no other likely explanation. The more specific an association between a factor and an effect is, the bigger the probability of a causal relationship.

Temporality
The effect has to occur after the cause (and if there is an expected delay between the cause and expected effect, then the effect must occur after that delay). The confidence in a causal relationship is bolstered by the fact that time-precedence was taken into account in all calculations.

Biological Gradient
Greater exposure should generally lead to greater incidence of the effect. However, in some cases, the mere presence of the factor can trigger the effect. In other cases, an inverse proportion is observed: greater exposure leads to lower incidence.

Plausibility
A plausible bio-chemical mechanism between cause and effect is critical. This is where human brains excel. Based on our responses so far, 1 humans feel that there is a plausible mechanism of action and 0 feel that any relationship observed between Mcdonalds Coke, Large consumption and Sleep Quality is coincidental.

Coherence
Coherence between epidemiological and laboratory findings increases the likelihood of an effect. It will be very enlightening to aggregate this data with the data from other participants with similar genetic, diseasomic, environmentomic, and demographic profiles.

Experiment
All of human life can be considered a natural experiment. Occasionally, it is possible to appeal to experimental evidence.

Analogy
The effect of similar factors may be considered.

Relationship Statistics

Property Value
Cause Variable Name Mcdonalds Coke, Large consumption
Effect Variable Name Sleep Quality
Sinn Predictive Coefficient 0.0946
Confidence Level high
Confidence Interval 0.23378784947521
Forward Pearson Correlation Coefficient -0.308
Critical T Value 1.66
Total Mcdonalds Coke, Large consumption Over Previous 7 days Before ABOVE Average Sleep Quality 0.77 serving
Total Mcdonalds Coke, Large consumption Over Previous 7 days Before BELOW Average Sleep Quality 1.619 serving
Duration of Action 7 days
Effect Size moderately negative
Number of Paired Measurements 94
Optimal Pearson Product 0.22494636373948
P Value 0.00063820920802668
Statistical Significance 0.2596
Strength of Relationship 0.23378784947521
Study Type individual
Analysis Performed At 2019-04-04

Mcdonalds Coke, Large Statistics

Property Value
Variable Name Mcdonalds Coke, Large
Aggregation Method SUM
Analysis Performed At 2019-03-29
Duration of Action 7 days
Kurtosis 5.7136762360447
Maximum Allowed Value 30 serving
Mean 0.13158 serving
Median 0 serving
Minimum Allowed Value 0 serving
Number of Changes 31
Number of Correlations 66
Number of Measurements 20
Onset Delay 30 minutes
Standard Deviation 0.33914990192788
Unit Serving
UPC 735641400017
Variable ID 1622
Variance 0.11502265597769

Sleep Quality Statistics

Property Value
Variable Name Sleep Quality
Aggregation Method MEAN
Analysis Performed At 2019-04-05
Duration of Action 7 days
Kurtosis 2.7819199718877
Maximum Allowed Value 5 out of 5
Mean 3.3303 out of 5
Median 3.2325582504272 out of 5
Minimum Allowed Value 1 out of 5
Number of Changes 312
Number of Correlations 924
Number of Measurements 636
Onset Delay 0 seconds
Standard Deviation 0.83531375879634
Unit 1 to 5 Rating
UPC 754185214911
Variable ID 1448
Variance 0.69774907563447

Tracking Mcdonalds Coke, Large

Get MyFitnessPal here and use it to record your Mcdonalds Coke, Large. Once you have a MyFitnessPal account, you can import your data from the Import Data page. This individual's data will automatically be imported and analyzed.

Tracking Sleep Quality

Get Sleep as Android here and use it to record your Sleep Quality. Once you have a Sleep as Android account, you can import your data from the Import Data page. This individual's data will automatically be imported and analyzed.
Join This Study

https://lh6.googleusercontent.com/-BHr4hyUWqZU/AAAAAAAAAAI/AAAAAAAIG28/2Lv0en738II/photo.jpg Principal Investigator - Mike Sinn